The following publications are directly related to the software distributed on this site.  For additional papers on population sampling and estimation methods, see Carl  Schwarz's publication page.
Title/Reference Description  Download
MR review:
Schwarz, C.J., and Seber, G.A.F (1999).
Estimating animal abundance: review III
Statistical Science 14, 427-456.
Review of recent literature on estimation for animal populations. The third in George Seber's on-going reviews of the current state of the art.    PDF format
POPAN-4 (Euring 1994) paper:
Arnason, A.N and Schwarz, C.J. (1995).
POPAN-4: enhancemnts to a system for the analysis of mark-recapture data from open populations.
J. Applied Statistics 22, 785-800
Description of POPAN-4, and its use to specify constrained model fits (UFIT)    html format
POPAN-5 (Euring 1997) paper:
Arnason, A.N and Schwarz, C.J. (1999).
Using POPAN-5 to analyse banding data.
Bird Study 46 (suppl.), S157-168.
Description of POPAN-5 features and its use to analyse age-structured banding data and its capabilities for testing model goodness-of-fit.   PDF format
POPAN-6 (Euring 2000) paper:
Arnason, A.N and Schwarz, C.J. (1999).
POPAN-6: exploring convergence abd estimate properties with Simulate.
to appear:J. Applied Statistics
Description of POPAN-6 features and the difference in convergence properties between POPAN-5 (using contrast equations) and POPAN-6 (using design matrix method)   PDF format
Unified model paper:
Schwarz, C.J. and Arnason, A.N. (1996).
A general methodology for the analysis of capture-recapture experiments in open populations.
Biometrics 52, 860-873.
The Unified theory constrained ML model underlying UFIT    PDF format
Breeding probability paper:
Schwarz, C.J. and Arnason, A.N. (2000).
The Estimation of Age-specific breeding probabilities from capture-recapture studies.
Biometrics 56, 299-304.
The use of POPAN-5's UFIT  to estimate the proportion of returns to an annually sampled breeding population.   PDF format
Jolly-Seber paper:
Schwarz, C.J. (2000).
The Jolly-Seber model: more than just abundance
JABES **, ****-****.
A description of the capabilities of the Jolly-Seber family of open population models, including estimation of finite population change (lambda) and relative recruitment (psi) rates.   PDF format
SPAS manual:
Arnason, A. N., C. W. Kirby, C. J. Schwarz, and J. R. Irvine. (1996).
Computer analysis of data from stratified mark-recovery experiments for estimation of salmon escapements and other populations. 
Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2106: vi+37 p
The manual for the SPAS program (Stratified Peterson, Schaefer, and Darroch/Plante estimators)  PDF format
Smolt paper:
Schwarz, C.J. and Dempson, B. (1994).
Mark-recapture estimation of a salmon smolt population.
Biometrics 50, 98-108.
The paper that develops the theory behing the SMOLT program   not yet available
Eagle paper:
Arnason, A. N., Schwarz, C.J., and Gerrard, J.M. (1991).
Estimating Closed Population Size And Number Of Marked Animals From Sighting Data.
J. Wildl Manage. 55(4), 718-730.
 A new estimator of population size that can be formed when independent sightings are made of marked and unmarked animals in a closed population where a subset of the population is individually marked.  PDF format