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MR review:
Schwarz, C.J., and Seber, G.A.F (1999). Estimating animal abundance: review III Statistical Science 14, 427-456. |
Review of recent literature on estimation for animal populations. The third in George Seber's on-going reviews of the current state of the art. | PDF format |

POPAN-4 (Euring 1994) paper:
Arnason, A.N and Schwarz, C.J. (1995). POPAN-4: enhancemnts to a system for the analysis of mark-recapture data from open populations. J. Applied Statistics 22, 785-800 |
Description of POPAN-4, and its use to specify constrained model fits (UFIT) | html format |

POPAN-5 (Euring 1997) paper:
Arnason, A.N and Schwarz, C.J. (1999). Using POPAN-5 to analyse banding data. Bird Study 46 (suppl.), S157-168. |
Description of POPAN-5 features and its use to analyse age-structured banding data and its capabilities for testing model goodness-of-fit. | PDF format |

POPAN-6 (Euring 2000) paper:
Arnason, A.N and Schwarz, C.J. (1999). POPAN-6: exploring convergence abd estimate properties with Simulate. to appear: J. Applied Statistics |
Description of POPAN-6 features and the difference in convergence properties between POPAN-5 (using contrast equations) and POPAN-6 (using design matrix method) | PDF format |

Unified model paper:
Schwarz, C.J. and Arnason, A.N. (1996). A general methodology for the analysis of capture-recapture experiments in open populations. Biometrics 52, 860-873. |
The Unified theory constrained ML model underlying UFIT | PDF format |

Breeding probability paper:
Schwarz, C.J. and Arnason, A.N. (2000). The Estimation of Age-specific breeding probabilities from capture-recapture studies. Biometrics 56, 299-304. |
The use of POPAN-5's UFIT to estimate the proportion of returns to an annually sampled breeding population. | PDF format |

Jolly-Seber paper:
Schwarz, C.J. (2000). The Jolly-Seber model: more than just abundance JABES **, ****-****. |
A description of the capabilities of the Jolly-Seber family of open population models, including estimation of finite population change (lambda) and relative recruitment (psi) rates. | PDF format |

SPAS manual:
Arnason, A. N., C. W. Kirby, C. J. Schwarz, and J. R. Irvine. (1996). Computer analysis of data from stratified mark-recovery experiments for estimation of salmon escapements and other populations. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2106: vi+37 p |
The manual for the SPAS program (Stratified Peterson, Schaefer, and Darroch/Plante estimators) | PDF format |

Smolt paper:
Schwarz, C.J. and Dempson, B. (1994). Mark-recapture estimation of a salmon smolt population. Biometrics 50, 98-108. |
The paper that develops the theory behing the SMOLT program | not yet available
on-line |

Eagle paper:
Arnason, A. N., Schwarz, C.J., and Gerrard, J.M. (1991). Estimating Closed Population Size And Number Of Marked Animals From Sighting Data. J. Wildl Manage. 55(4), 718-730. |
A new estimator of population size that can be formed when independent sightings are made of marked and unmarked animals in a closed population where a subset of the population is individually marked. | PDF format |